By Mike Stechschulte
DETROIT (CNS) — Sixty years after his death, Capuchin Father Solanus Casey is on his way to
Pope Francis announced May 4 that Detroit’s beloved friar,
who earlier had been named venerable, met the requirements for beatification
and will be named “blessed” — the second U.S.-born man to achieve such a
designation and the first person from Michigan.
Although Father Casey was born in Oak Grove, Wisconsin, in
1870, he spent most of his adult life and ministry in Detroit, caring for sick,
poor and downtrodden people and lending a listening ear and caring heart to the
thousands who came to him for counsel, wisdom and aid.
Among the hundreds, if not thousands, of healings
attributed to Father Casey during and after his lifetime, Pope Francis
recognized the authenticity of a miracle necessary for the friar to be elevated
from venerable to blessed after a review by the Vatican’s Congregation for Saints’ Causes
was completed earlier this year.
“The beatification of Father Solanus Casey is an
incomparable grace for the church in the Archdiocese of Detroit and for the
whole community of Southeast Michigan,” Detroit Archbishop Allen H. Vigneron said in a
statement. “He is an inspiration to all us Catholics — and to all — of
the power of grace to transform one’s life.”
The miracle needed to raise Father Casey to blessed
involved a woman with an incurable genetic skin disease. The woman was visiting
friends in Detroit and stopped at Father Casey’s tomb to pray for others’
intentions. After her prayers, she felt the strong urging to ask for the
friar’s intercession for herself, too, and received an instant and visible
The miraculous nature of her cure was verified by
doctors in her home country, in Detroit and in Rome, all of whom confirmed
there was no scientific explanation.
In a blessed coincidence — or perhaps not — Father Casey
himself died of a skin disease in 1957.
The beatification, which will take place during a Mass
in Detroit later this year, is the final step before sainthood. A declaration of
sainthood requires a second miracle attributed to Father Casey’s intercession.
Father Michael Sullivan, provincial minister of the Capuchin Franciscan
Province of St. Joseph in Detroit, said the friars were elated with
“Long before we knew and loved Pope Francis, we had
the example of Father Solanus, who lived the Gospel of mercy,” Father Sullivan
said. “Known for his compassion and simplicity, he drew many thousands to God.
Rather than call attention to himself, he taught people to thank God for his
blessings. We are overjoyed at the news that Father Solanus’ holiness is
recognized by the Holy Father.”
Not only did Father Casey teach others to thank God,
but he often urged them to thank God “ahead of time” for the blessings they
were yet to receive — an admonition adopted often by Archbishop Vigneron and
others invoking the friar’s memory.
Born Bernard Francis Casey Nov. 25, 1870, Father Casey was the sixth of 16
children to Irish immigrants Bernard James Casey and Ellen Elizabeth Murphy. He
enrolled at St. Francis High School Seminary near Milwaukee in 1891, but
because of academic limitations, he was advised to consider joining a religious
After reflecting before a statue of Mary, he felt the
urging to “go to Detroit” and heeded this advice, joining the Capuchin order in
1897. He was given the religious name Solanus.
Although he continued to struggle academically, Father
Casey was at last ordained in 1904 by Milwaukee Archbishop Sebastian G. Messmer as a “simplex priest,”
meaning he could celebrate Mass but could not preach doctrinal sermons or hear
After serving for two decades in friaries and
churches in New York, Father Casey was transferred back to Detroit in 1924,
where he began working as the porter, or doorkeeper, of St. Bonaventure Monastery.
It was in this role — which eventually became the
title of a 1968 biography written by James Patrick Derum, “The Porter of St. Bonaventure’s” —
that Father Casey cemented his reputation for holiness and compassion.
Charged with greeting those who came to the monastery’s doors, Father Casey
conducted well-attended services for the sick and became known for his gentle,
wise counsel and genuine concern for those who sought his aid. He helped
establish the Capuchin Soup
Kitchen in 1929 to feed hungry people during the Great Depression, a
work that continues in Detroit today.
By the time of his death July 31, 1957, devotion to Father Casey had
grown to the point that more than 8,000 people attended his funeral, including
those who traveled from afar to hear his guidance and keep his memory.
“Over the years the fame of Father Solanus has
extended around the world, and now has devotees in 27 countries,” said Capuchin Friar Larry Webber,
who, with Capuchin Brother Richard Merling,
is a vice postulator for Father Casey’s beatification and canonization cause.
“Thousands of favors attributed to the intercession of Venerable Solanus have
been reported to the office of the cause for sainthood of Father Solanus.”
Officials began collecting and organizing material
for Father Casey’s cause in 1976, and by 1983, an official archdiocesan
investigation was opened into the life and virtues of the priest. During this phase,
53 witnesses gave sworn testimony to his heroic virtues, and the next year
their testimonies were sent to the Vatican.
As part of the process, Father Casey’s tomb was
opened July 8, 1987, and his remains were moved to their current resting place
inside the north transept of St. Bonaventure’s Chapel.
Led by Capuchin Brother Leo Wollenwebber, a three-volume “positio” was
presented to the Vatican congregation, which affirmed Father Casey’s heroic
virtues in 1995. On July 11, 1995, Father Casey was named “venerable” by St. John
Paul II, allowing for public devotion and advancing the cause for
Twenty-one years later, Sept. 22, 2016, a panel of
medical experts approved a miraculous healing attributed to Father Casey. A panel
of theological advisers concurred Jan. 19, paving the way for the Vatican congregation
to recommend beatification to Pope Francis.
“This declaration means that the local church, here
in Detroit and in Capuchin Franciscan fraternities around the world, may offer
prayers and Masses invoking the intercession of Father Solanus,” Brother
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is managing editor of The Michigan Catholic, newspaper of the Archdiocese of
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