By Cindy Wooden
ROME (CNS) — Because most people today do not understand
that sacramental marriage really is a bond that binds them to each other for
life, many marriages today can be considered invalid, Pope Francis said.
Raising a point he has raised before, and one also raised by
now-retired Pope Benedict XVI, Pope Francis insisted June 16 that the validity
of a marriage implies that a couple understands that sacramental marriage is a
bond that truly binds them to another for their entire lives.
“We are living in a culture of the provisional,”
he told participants in the Diocese of Rome’s annual pastoral conference.
Answering questions after giving a prepared talk, Pope Francis
told the story of a bishop who said a university graduate came to him saying he
wanted to be a priest, but only for 10 years.
The idea of commitments being temporary “occurs
everywhere, even in priestly and religious life. The provisional. And for this
reason a large majority of sacramental marriages are null. They say ‘yes, for my whole
life,’ but they do not know what they are saying because they have a different
culture,” he said.
The Vatican press office, publishing a transcript the next
day, adjusted the pope’s words to read, “A part of our sacramental
marriages are null because they (the spouses) say, ‘Yes, for my whole life,’ but they do
not know what they are saying because they have a different culture.”
Attitudes toward marriage are influenced strongly by social
expectations, the pope said, telling the story of a young man who told the pope
he and his fiancee had not celebrated their wedding yet because they were
looking for a church with decor that would go well with her dress. “These
are people’s concerns,” the pope said. “How can we change this? I
Pope Francis told participants that when he was archbishop
of Buenos Aires, Argentina, he banned “shotgun weddings” from Catholic parishes
because the strong social pressure to marry placed on a couple expecting a baby
could mean they were not fully free to pledge themselves to each other for life
through the sacrament.
It was important, he said, that the couples were not
abandoned, but were assisted by the church. Many of them, he said, “after
two or three years would marry. I would watch them enter the church — dad, mom
and the child holding their hands. They knew well what they were doing.”
“The crisis of marriage is because people do not know
what the sacrament is, the beauty of the sacrament; they do not know that it is
indissoluble, that it is for one’s entire life,” he said. “It’s
Meeting in July 2005 with priests in northern Italy, Pope
Benedict also raised the question of the validity of marriages that, while
performed in church, bound together two baptized Catholics who had little
understanding of the faith, the meaning of the sacraments and the
indissolubility of marriage.
Asked about Communion for a divorced and civilly remarried
person, Pope Benedict had responded, “I would say that a particularly
painful situation is that of those who were married in the church, but were not
really believers and did so just for tradition, and then finding themselves in
a new, nonvalid marriage, convert, find the faith and feel excluded from the
Pope Benedict said that when he was prefect of the
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith he asked several bishops’
conferences and experts to study the problem, which in effect was “a
sacrament celebrated without faith.”
He said he had thought that the church marriage could be
considered invalid because the faith of the couple celebrating the sacrament
was lacking. “But from the discussions we had, I understood that the
problem was very difficult” and that further study was necessary.
According to the Code of Canon Law, “For matrimonial
consent to exist, the contracting parties must be at least not ignorant that
marriage is a permanent partnership between a man and a woman ordered to the
procreation of offspring by means of some sexual cooperation.”
In a formal speech in 2015 to the Roman Rota, a marriage
tribunal, Pope Francis said: “The judge, in pondering the validity of the
consent expressed, must take into account the context of values and of faith —
their presence or absence — in which the intent to marry was formed. In fact,
ignorance of the contents of the faith could lead to what the code (of canon
law) calls an error conditioning the will. This eventuality is not to be
considered rare as in the past, precisely because worldly thinking often
prevails over the magisterium of the church.”
– – –
Copyright © 2016 Catholic News Service/U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. www.catholicnews.com. All rights reserved. Republishing or redistributing of CNS content, including by framing or similar means without prior permission, is prohibited. You may link to stories on our public site. This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. To request permission for republishing or redistributing of CNS content, please contact permissions at firstname.lastname@example.org.