IMAGE: CNS photo/Andrew Medichini, pool
By Carol Glatz
VATICAN CITY (CNS) — Meeting with Iranian President
Hassan Rouhani at the Vatican, Pope Francis told him he had high hopes for
And while Pope Francis usually asks those he meets for
their prayers, the Shiite cleric pre-empted the pope’s request and said, “I
ask you to pray for me.”
President Rouhani, who was in Europe to build political
and economic ties after Iran’s historic nuclear agreement, met with the pope
Jan. 26 for 40 minutes of private talks with the aid of translators. The
president then had a separate meeting with Cardinal Pietro Parolin, Vatican
secretary of state.
The recent international agreement limiting Iran’s
nuclear program was discussed as well as “the important role Iran is
called to play with other nations in the region in promoting adequate political
solutions to the problems that afflict the Middle East, opposing the spread of
terrorism and arms trafficking,” the Vatican said in a written communique.
When he convened a Middle East summit at the Vatican in
2014, Pope Francis had said that arms trafficking was the root cause of many
problems in the region.
Also underlined during the Jan. 26 discussions were
“the importance of interreligious dialogue and the responsibility of
religious communities in promoting reconciliation, tolerance and peace,”
the Vatican communique said.
“During the cordial conversations, common spiritual
values were highlighted” and “the good state of relations between the
Holy See and the Islamic Republic of Iran” was recognized, the Vatican
Mention also was made of how the Catholic Church in Iran
and the Holy See seek to promote “the dignity of the human person and
The small Catholic community in Iran dates back to the
church’s early centuries and has had a long history of living in harmony with
the Muslim majority; there are some restrictions on full religious freedom,
including the risk of the death penalty for those who convert from Islam.
After their closed-door meeting, Pope Francis greeted the
12-person Iranian delegation and accepted two gifts from the president.
Speaking in Persian, Rouhani said the intricately
designed rug he was giving was “handmade in Qom,” a city considered
holy for Shiite Muslims. He also gave the pope a large book of reproductions of
Persian miniatures painted by Mahmoud Farshchian, who lives in the United
The pope gave Rouhani a large medallion of St. Martin of
Tours giving his cloak to a poor person. The pope told the president that the
medallion’s image depicted “a sign of selfless fraternity.”
The pope also gave him a copy of his encyclical letter
“Laudato Si'” and told him the document was “on the protection
of creation.” The pope apologized there was no translation of the document
in Persian, but “I’m giving it to you in English” and he explained a
copy in Arabic is online.
As the entourage was leaving the papal library, the pope
told the president, “Thank you for this visit. I have high hopes for
Rouhani then replied through a translator, “I ask
you to pray for me,” and told the pope it had been “a true
pleasure” and wished him good luck with his work.
Mohammed Khatami was the last Iranian leader to meet a
pope for private talks at the Vatican. In addition to his meeting with St. John
Paul II in 1999, Khatami also attended St. John Paul’s funeral in 2005.
While former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad attended a
U.N. summit in Rome in 2008, he did not visit the pope or hold an official
state visit with Italian leaders.
Rouhani, a former lawmaker and diplomat, was visiting
Italy and France, meeting with those nation’s leaders in the hopes of
re-establishing stronger diplomatic and commercial ties with Europe after
decades of sanctions. He ran his 2013 presidential campaign on a platform
calling for greater openness, transparency and establishing trust with the
In July, Iran reached a landmark agreement with six
nations, including the United States; the agreement allows U.N. inspectors to
include military sites in its monitoring of Iran’s nuclear activity. While a
U.N. arms embargo would remain in place for the near future, other sanctions on
trade and assets were to be eased.
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