IMAGE: CNS photo/courtesy BillGraham.or
By Peter Finney Jr.
NEW ORLEANS (CNS) — In 1995, as
inmates at the Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola lowered the makeshift,
cardboard casket containing the body of fellow inmate Joseph Siegel into
freshly dug ground at the prison’s cemetery, Siegel’s body fell through the
bottom of the coffin.
Then, as the pallbearers
positioned the casket with care over his body and began shoveling dirt, the top
Burl Cain, in his first year as
warden at the nation’s largest maximum-security prison, where all but a
fraction of the 5,000 men will die without ever walking back through the gates,
had seen enough.
Cain gathered inmates for what,
by Angola standards, would be an unusual warden-prisoner talk. Many of the
prisoners were skilled craftsmen, who had worked for years to set up the
popular Angola Prison Rodeo.
“I told them, ‘Men, you’re
going to die here, and we’ve got to do this with dignity,'” Cain recalled.
“‘Y’all are going to build a coffin, and it’s going to be a nice coffin.
When you die, you’ve served your sentence, and there’s no reason for anybody to
kick your body.'”
That event more than two decades
ago led to inmates at the prison building the casket for the Rev. Billy Graham,
the charismatic evangelical Christian leader who died Feb. 21 at age 99.
Cain served as warden at Angola
for 21 years and is credited with changing the violent and deadly prison
culture through an emphasis on what he calls “moral rehabilitation.”
“I coined that term because
everybody liked ‘morality’ and everybody liked ‘rehabilitation,’ and the ACLU
would leave me alone,” Cain said. “I couldn’t say ‘faith-based’ and I
couldn’t say ‘Christian.’ That would get me sued.”
Cain established seminary
education, sponsored by the New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, and built
several interdenominational chapels, including a hospice chapel funded by
Catholic entities and an Alamo chapel, a replica of the original Alamo in San
Antonio, Texas, used often by Catholic inmates.
Cain said he was being “selfish”
when he decided to open Angola to the outside world, with an emphasis on
“I realized this: Moral
people don’t rape, pilfer and steal,” Cain said. “So, if I could get
these guys to become moral, I’d have a safer prison, I could survive.”
In 1997, Chuck Colson, an evangelical
Christian who had served prison time for obstruction of justice in the
Watergate scandal and who had begun a national prison ministry, visited Angola
with Tex Reardon, who was associated with the Rev. Graham and his worldwide evangelical
“In the 1950s, my mother
would send a check for $5 every month to Billy Graham, even though she was a
school teacher and my parents were poor,” Cain said. “So, I asked Tex
Reardon if there was any way he could get Billy Graham to come here — because
this prison needed him.”
Not long after that, Graham’s
son Franklin visited Angola and was so impressed he set the wheels in motion
for the construction of two more chapels — one for the inmates and another,
Cain said, for “the employees of our little city.”
“They wanted their own
people to come build it, because it was a ministry for them,” Cain said. “They
wanted the pews to be just old-timey so that it would look like an old-timey
They put an old bell in the top
of an imposing steeple. The bell came from a locomotive that hauled sugar cane
around the 18,000-acre Angola plantation the late 1800s, before it became a
prison that was larger than the island of Manhattan.
“The Grahams wanted that
steeple to be tall enough so that you could see the church from death row,”
During one of Franklin Graham’s
visits to Angola, he walked into the prison museum and saw an inmate-made
casket. He was overwhelmed by the beauty and simplicity of the treated plywood.
The white bedding for the inside of the coffins comes from Walmart.
“He told me, ‘This is one
my Dad would want to be buried in. It’s so plain, but it’s built by prisoners.
We’ve got to have these,'” Cain said.
Franklin Graham ordered six
coffins, including for Rev. Graham and his wife Ruth, who died in 2007.
Three inmates — Richard “Grasshopper”
Leggett, Clarence “Mr. Bud” Wilkerson and David Bacon — had the
special assignment. Of the three, only Bacon is still alive. He was paroled in
“They would pray before
they started every day and ask that God would anoint their work, because this
was a very serious thing,” Cain said. “Billy Graham was a human — he
wasn’t God — but he was one of the godliest humans on the earth. They took it
very seriously. And, it was a reverent operation.”
At Franklin Graham’s request,
the three inmates wood-burned their names into the outside of each casket.
Rev. Graham was to be laid to
rest March 2, in that Angola coffin, after lying for two days in the U.S.
Cain said the convergence of
sacred circumstances — how Rev. Graham and faith brought peace to Angola and
how Angola brought peace to the Graham family — leaves him almost speechless.
“If my mother in heaven
knows what’s going on down here, she would be so proud, because when she wrote
those little $5 checks, it influenced her son to like Billy Graham,” Cain
said. “She led me in that direction.”
While, because of ill health, Rev.
Graham never could visit Angola, Cain sent him a key to one of Angola’s old
cells. A few years ago, Cain traveled to the mountains of Montreat, North
Carolina, to offer his thanks for all that Rev. Graham and his son had made
possible at Angola.
“I got to spend the
afternoon with him, and he said, ‘I pray for you every day, and my nurse can verify
it,'” Cain said. “And then he took out that key and he said, ‘Every
day, I have a devotional, and I hold that key in my hand, and I pray for you
and I pray for your prison.’ No wonder we were successful.”
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Peter Finney Jr. is executive editor/general manager of the Clarion
Herald, newspaper of the Archdiocese of New Orleans.
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