Fatima facts: Vatican shepherds the flock away from conspiracy claims

IMAGE: CNS photo/Paulo Cunha, EPA

By Cindy Wooden

VATICAN CITY (CNS) — When then-Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger
met the press in 2000 for the formal release of the so-called Third Secret of
Fatima, he said he knew many people would be disappointed.

Almost 16 years later, at the beginning of a yearlong
preparation for the 100th anniversary of the apparition of our Lady of Fatima
in 2017, now-retired Pope Benedict XVI is still dealing with people not
convinced the secret is really out.

An online journal called OnePeterFive published an article
May 15 claiming that shortly after then-Cardinal Ratzinger released the secret
and his commentary, affirming that it was the complete text, he told a German
priest that, in fact, it was not.

“There is more than what we published,” the
article claimed the cardinal told Father Ingo Dollinger. The article went
further: “He also told Dollinger that the published part of the secret is
authentic and that the unpublished part of the secret speaks about ‘a bad
council and a bad Mass’ that was to come in the near future.”

A statement released May 21 by the Vatican press office said
Pope Benedict “declares ‘never to have spoken with Professor Dollinger
about Fatima,’ clearly affirming that the remarks attributed to Professor
Dollinger on the matter ‘are pure inventions, absolutely untrue,’ and he
confirms decisively that ‘the publication of the Third Secret of Fatima is

The Vatican’s publication of “The Message of
Fatima” in 2000 included a photocopy of the text handwritten in 1944 by
Carmelite Sister Lucia dos Santos, the last survivor of the three children who
saw Mary at Fatima in 1917.

naturally swirls around secrets, and when a secret is held for decades, the assumptions
gain ground and followers.

The common message of Marian apparitions throughout the
centuries has been: pray and convert. But a message read only by a few popes
and their closest aides? There
had to be something more to it to justify keeping it so secret, many
people thought.

When Cardinal Ratzinger presented the text in the Vatican
press office June 26, 2000, he told reporters that the choice of St. John XXIII and
Blessed Paul VI to withhold publication and St. John Paul II’s decision to
delay it was not a “dogmatic decision but one of prudence.”

But, he said, “looking back, I would certainly say that
we have paid a price” for the delay, which allowed the spread of apocalyptic
theories about its contents.

Meeting the press that day, the first words out of his mouth were: “One who
carefully reads the text of the so-called third secret of Fatima will probably be
disappointed or surprised after all the speculation there has been.”

The text, he said, uses “symbolic language” to
describe “the church of the martyrs of the century now past,”
particularly the victims of two world wars, Nazism and communism.

But what was most difficult for many to believe after the
secret spent more than 40 years in a Vatican vault was what the text did not
contain. “No great mystery is revealed,” Cardinal Ratzinger said.
“The veil of the future is not torn.”

In a 1996 interview with Portugal’s main Catholic radio
station, the cardinal — who already had read the secret — tried the
reasonable, tradition-based approach to pointing out what was and was not in
the message. “The Virgin does not engage in sensationalism; she does not
create fear,” he said. “She does not present apocalyptic visions, but
guides people to her Son.”

Cardinal Ratzinger became Pope Benedict XVI five years after
the text was published. If there was more to the secret, he had eight years of
complete freedom as supreme pontiff to share what supposedly was withheld.

Marianist Father Johann Roten, a former student of then-Father
Joseph Ratzinger who for years headed the Marian Research Institute at the
University of Dayton, said there is “no doubt there is truth” in what
many Fatima devotees see as
“the moral decline in the church.”

“The difficulty is in the method” many of them
choose to convince others of the need for conversion and prayer, Father Roten
said in an email response to questions.

“The method tends to be magico-ritualistic, based on
the conviction that a particular act,” such as the consecration of Russia
performed in a particular way, “will solve all problems,” he said.

“Apparitions always stress the message of Christ,”
Father Roten said. Mary urges “prayer, conversion and practical
manifestations of one’s faith.”

“Warnings are part of the message, not always, but
especially in times of imminent social catastrophe,” including Fatima
before the Russian Revolution, he said. “Unfortunately, these general
messages are frequently overlooked. Instead the attention is given to
sensationalism — a rosary turning golden — or apocalypticism — doomsday
warnings — which never represent the essential part and reasons of such

Speaking to reporters traveling with him to Fatima in 2010,
Pope Benedict repeated what he had said 10 years earlier: The text was open to
interpretation, but the heart of the Fatima message was a call “to ongoing
conversion, penance, prayer and the three theological virtues: faith, hope and

Yes, he said, the church constantly is under attack — “attacks
from within and without — yet the forces of good are also ever present and, in
the end, the Lord is more powerful than evil and Our Lady is for us the
visible, motherly guarantee of God’s goodness, which is always the last word in

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Editors: The Vatican’s publication of “The Message of
Fatima,” including the photocopies of Sister Lucia’s original description
of the “secret” is still available online at: https://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_20000626_message-fatima_en.html.

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Follow Wooden on Twitter: @Cindy_Wooden.

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