Another busy year ends for Supreme Court with all eyes on next term

IMAGE: CNS photo/Tyler Orsburn

By Carol Zimmermann

WASHINGTON (CNS) — “That’s a wrap” could have
been said late morning June 27 at the U.S. Supreme Court after the court issued
its last two decisions of the term.

that it was not a wrap by a long shot.

Just a
few hours after the court released its final decisions, longtime Justice Anthony
Kennedy announced his retirement, which immediately got wheels of speculation
spinning about his potential replacement and what that would mean for the
future balance of the court.

Almost immediately,
President Donald Trump said he would move quickly to fill the spot, saying he already
has a list of candidates in hand.

And the
day after this announcement, the court released another handful of cases on the
docket for its next term that begins Oct. 1.

But before
all attention shifts to the next session, there is still plenty to review from
the court’s term that just ended — a busy nine months with more than 75 cases
argued, and decided on, by the court.

cases this year involved the president’s travel ban, a same-sex wedding cake, gerrymandering,
sports betting, cellphone tracking, union dues and pro-life pregnancy centers.

Church leaders weighed in on many of these cases, submitting friend-of-the-court
briefs and issuing statements after the decisions were announced. Catholic
newspaper editorials addressed sports betting and Catholic advocates spoke up
on the court’s actions on the death penalty.

court, near the end of this term, announced its 5-4 decision upholding Trump’s travel ban preventing people entering the U.S. from some
Muslim-majority countries.

U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Catholic Charities USA and Catholic Legal
Immigration Network expressed disappointment with the ruling and also had filed
a combined friend-of-the court brief with harsh criticism of the president’s
order, saying it showed “blatant religious discrimination” and was a major
threat to religious liberty.

In the
case of the same-sex wedding cake, the U.S. bishops sided with the court’s 7-2
decision in favor of the Colorado baker who cited religious beliefs in declining to make
the wedding cake for a same-sex couple. The narrow ruling said the baker’s
religious freedom had been violated by the state’s Civil Rights Commission, but it
did not determine if a small business can invoke federal free-speech and
religious-exercise rights to deny services to same-sex couples.

Catholic bishops also sided with the court’s 5-4 ruling that a California law requiring
pregnancy centers to tell patients about the availability of state-funded abortion
services violated the First Amendment. They disagreed with the court’s 5-4 decision
in the case about union dues where the court overruled its previous decision allowing
state agencies to require their union-represented employees to pay fees to the
union for collective bargaining costs even if they are not union members.

case that might have seemed under the radar for Catholic leaders was the 6-3
ruling that cleared the way for states to legalize sports betting, striking
down a 1992 federal law, but editorials in at least two Catholic archdiocesan
newspapers warned about some potential dangers of this decision.

New York, archdiocesan newspaper of New York, and The Catholic Spirit, archdiocesan
newspaper of St. Paul and Minneapolis, both pointed out how the ruling could
bring about an increased addition to gambling.

In a
death penalty case, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled in favor of a Texas
death-row inmate, ordering a federal appellate court to reconsider his requests
for funding to investigate his claims of mental illness and substance abuse. This
decision, along with the statements made when the court announced it would not
take up the case of an Arizona death-row inmate challenging the state’s capital
punishment law, shows the court is taking notice of flaws in the death penalty,
said Karen Clifton, executive director of Catholic Mobilizing Network.

In its
next session, the court already has agreed to three death penalty cases.

In other
abortion decisions, the justices threw out a lower court’s ruling that allowed
a 17-year-old last year to obtain an abortion while she was in a detention
center after an illegal border crossing. The court also said it would not hear a
case against an Arkansas abortion law, thus letting the state’s restrictions on
abortion-inducing drugs stand.

As the
court catches its breath from the end of the busy term and awaits the transition
period of its replacement for Kennedy, many of the justices will at least be
able to get away from Washington with temporary teaching posts.

scotusblog, a blog about the Supreme Court, reports that Justice Ruth Bader
Ginsburg will be a guest lecturer in Rome for the summer law program of Loyola
University Chicago and Justice Neil Gorsuch will teach two courses in
national security law for the Antonin Scalia Law School at George Mason
University’s summer session in Padua, Italy. Justice Stephen Breyer is
scheduled to give a talk at the Aspen Institute in Colorado in July.

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Zimmermann on Twitter: @carolmaczim

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